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The Low Down on Dog Vaccines

Core Vaccines

‘Core’ vaccines are considered essential vaccines, and include vaccinations against:

  • Canine Distemper - This is virus that affects the respiratory, nervous and/or gastrointestinal systems. Symptoms can include a fever, coughing, paralysis, vomiting, and discharges from the eyes and nose.
  • Canine Hepatitis - This is caused by the adenovirus type-1 (CAV-1) virus that affects the liver. Symptoms can include jaundice, fever, and vomiting.
  • Parvovirus - This virus kills cells in the gastrointestinal system, causing severe pain, bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and potentially death.
  • Rabies - This virus affects the central nervous system and leads to increased aggression, anxiety, drooling, paralysis, and ultimately death.
  • Canine Parainfluenza - This is one of several viruses that can contribute to kennel cough.

Non-core vaccines

‘Non-core’ vaccines are vaccines that aren’t always considered essential, depending on the area that you live in. Talk to your veterinarian about what might be right for your particular living situation.

  • Corona Virus - This affects the gastrointestinal and occasionally respiratory system. Symptoms include diarrhea and vomiting and loss of appetite.  
  • Bordetella Bronchiseptica - This is one of the most popular contributors to ‘kennel cough’, a highly contagious disease that can result in a harsh, hacking cough. It is often recommended for dogs who interact a lot with other dogs, such as in boarding or play groups.
  • Leptospirosis - This is caused by a bacteria, and symptoms can include either no signs, reduced appetite, lethargy, muscle stiffness, and gastrointestinal upset.
  • Lyme Disease - This is transmitted by ticks and can cause limping, joint stiffness, heart and kidney issues, and sometime neurological signs.
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